The Directorate of Land Records & Surveys etc., Assam is one of the oldest Directorate of Assam established in 1887 as the Directorate of Land Records & Agriculture with Mr. Henry Zouch Derrah, IACS as the first Director.
The office of the Directorate of the Land Records & Surveys etc., Assam is presently accommodated in its own building “Rajah Bhawan” at Rupnagar, Guwahati-32, since 1998. Apart from Rupnagar, the office of the Director of Land Records & Surveys etc., Assam function from 3 (three) other different places such as Vendyking Section at Beltola, Survey & Printing Section at Dakhingaon and khamal at Santipur.
The Directorate of Land Records & Surveys etc. Assam deals with Land Records and Surveys as the head of the department. The Directorate is primarily responsible for preservation and maintenance of Survey, demarcation and construction of International boundary pillars with aid & advice from Government of India also for maintenance if Inter State boundaries, Inter district boundaries ad finally for the cadastral survey of all NC villages. It is also concerned with maintenance of Records of Rights of the Land holders and for conducting Re-settlement Operation as per provision of ALRR, 1886.
The DLR is over all in-charge of maintenance and updating the land records of the State through the Circle Office under the Dputy Commissioner/Sub-division offices. The DLR as Director of Surveys is responsible for periodic survey of land (a) Re-settlement Operation (b) Survey of NC land (c) Printing & Vendyking of maps (d) supply of printed maps € Char survey (f) Settlement/Re-settlement operation.The DLR is ex-officio Inspector General of Registration at State level. At the District level respective Deputy Commissioner act as District Registration Officer. As Superintendent of Stamps DLR, Assam is responsible for regulating and distribution of Non-Postal Stamps in the State. He monitors revenue earning through sales of Stamps.
The DLR, Assam also work as Registrar General of Marriages and Commissioner of Wakf Properties.
The Directorate in its present form has seven branches:-
Directorate of Registration in Assam is headed by the Inspector General of Registration.A senior member of Indian Administrative Service usually hold the post.Other post in the Directorate is Assistant Inspector General of Registration.The post is held by departmental officer,posted on the basis of seniority.
Among the other officer of the Department are:-
First two post are filled up on promotion from the departmental officers on seniority cum merit basis.The primary post of the Department i.e the Sub-Registrar are recuited through a competitive examination conducted by the Assam Public Service Commission.There are 5 zone headed by Deputy Registrar who are the Inspector of Registration Offices.They supervise and inspect the Sub Registrar offices falls within their Zonal Juriscdiction
In all the district,Deputy Commissioner of the district are the District Registrar and when Additional Deputy Commissioner is authorized to hold the charge of District Registrar he shall work under the direct supervision of the Deputy Commissioner .All the Registraring Officers posted in the districts perform their duties under the supervision and control of the District Registrars concerned.Senior Sub Registrar and Sub Registrar in the district head quarter has no separate establishment as he belongs to the establishment of District Registrar.
Objectives/Nature of works/Responsibilities:-
The Directorate controls and supervises the activities of the Registration Officers of the State,Assistant Inspector General of Registration assists the Inspector General of Registration.In the performance of duties entrusted to him,the Registering Officers are custodian of public records.They are meant to safeguard the civil rights of the citizens regarding registration of a document and establishment of such right.The collection of revenue to the state exchequer is one of the major objective of Registering Officer ,Stamp Duty and Registration Fees are the components of State Revenue and collection of revenue by this Department are growing every year.Introduction of Section -27A of the Stamp Act in Assam Amendment has made Registering Officers more onerous in respect of valuation of the property.